Friends in the shadows

How developers, corporations, and city contractors buy influence in San Francisco City Hall -- a 47th anniversary Guardian special investigation

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Illustration by Brooke Robertson

rebecca@sfbg.com, joe@sfbg.com

It's a simple fact of life: Money buys influence. But in San Francisco, despite strict sunshine laws to illuminate donations to city agencies and gifts to the regulators from the regulated, money still circulates in the shadows when it flows through the coffers of "Friends" in high places.

Major real estate developers, city contractors, and large corporations often lend financial support to San Francisco city departments, to the tune of millions of dollars every year. But the money doesn't just flow directly to city agencies, where it's easily tracked by disclosure laws. Instead, it goes through private nonprofits that sometimes label themselves as "Friends Of..." these departments.

They include Friends of City Planning, Friends of the Library, a foundation formerly known as Friends of the San Francisco Department of Public Health, Friends of SF Environment, and Friends of San Francisco Animal Care and Control.

The Friends pay for programs the departments supposedly cannot cover on their own. Bond money can build a skyscraper, but sometimes not fill it with furniture. Agencies are barred by law from funding an employee mixer or a conference trip, so departments turn to their Friends to fill in the gaps. Adding bells and whistles to city websites, holding lunchtime lectures, hiring a grant writer — or, in the case of the Department of Public Health, bolstering health services for vulnerable populations — these are all examples of what gets funded.

The extra help can clearly be a good thing, but the lack of transparency around who's giving money raises questions — especially if it's a business gunning for a major contract or a permit to build a high-rise.

City agencies receive outside funding from a wide variety of sources. Sometimes grants are made by the federal government, or a well-established philanthropic foundation — and according to city law, gifts of $10,000 or higher must be approved by the Board of Supervisors. But in the case of organizations like Friends, which are created specifically to assist city government agencies, the original funders aren't always identifiable. And the collaboration is frequently much closer, with city staff members serving on Friends boards in a few cases.

the circle of donations to "friends of" foundations

Friends board members told the Guardian that their partnership with government helps bolster city agencies in a time of increasing austerity, in service of the public good. But do the special relationships these influential insiders hold with high-ranking city officials come into play when awarding a contract, issuing a permit, making a hiring decision, or determining whether a developer's request for a rule exemption should be honored? Without more transparency, it's tough to tell.

City disclosure rules state that any gift to a department must be prominently displayed on that department's website, along with any financial interest the donor has involving the city. But Friends and other outside funders are under no obligation to share their supporters' names, much less financial ties, when they distribute grants. Meanwhile, the disclosure rules that are on the books seem to be frequently ignored, misunderstood, or unenforced, our investigation discovered.

How are donors repaid for their support? Consider the controversy earlier this year around Pet Food Express, which won approval in June for another store in the Marina District despite opposition from four locally owned pet stores in the area that fear competing with a large national chain. Pet Food Express won the unlikely support of the city's Small Business Commissioners, some of whom reversed their 2009 positions opposing the chain's previous application.

Comments

And out of the blue, you provide the secret answer. Money gets stuff done.

Well, gee, I'm shocked. I guess i'd better go out there and get some of that money stuff then.

Posted by Guest on Oct. 08, 2013 @ 3:18 pm

(idiot fuckhead troll wasting precious space in the universe with completely asinine comment, which is pretty hard to do if you consider the fact that the universe is **infinite**, gonged)

this is simply a troll barrier

it is a signpost to indicate to the reader that other anonymous posters on this thread are beginning to purposely diminish the conversation into reactionary hyperbole and/or petty, mean spirited, personal attacks and irrelevant bickering

the barrier is put in place to signal that there is probably little point in reading more replies in the thread past this point

proceed at your own risk

Posted by troll barrier on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 8:58 am

It's not a fact that the universe is infinite. That's an assumption.

Posted by Guest on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 8:33 pm

Thank you for this thoughtful piece. You are right: more transparency is key to preventing crony deals between city departments and benefactors in these Friend groups. Is there any current law or future legislation to regulate this SF soft money?

Posted by voltairesmistress on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 8:22 am

contributor database because I wondered why my supervisor, the great "progressive" hope, David Campos, has been so silent as luxury housing development threatens to overrun the Mission District.

Unsurprisingly, he received donations from the real estate industry, most notably $500 from Dean Givas, the owner of Oyster Development that is building luxury condominiums next to the New Mission Theatre, and was able to avoid including below market units in that development by buying the Mayor's Office of Housing a parcel at Cesar Chavez and Shotwell for future subsidized housing development. The unfortunate catch is that the funding for the offsite affordable units is as yet non-existent. Could be many years before they are actually built.

Also, for his DCCC campaign, Campos received all kinds of real estate money in the first half of 2013, including $1000 from the Residential Builders Association and $2000 from the San Francisco Apartment Association Political Action Committee. Just noticed a donation from Carmen Policy as well.

Check it out for yourself.

http://nf4.netfile.com/pub2/AllFilingsByCandidate.aspx?id=6667006&candid...

Posted by Guest on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 10:24 am

Has the SFBG just woken up after a 40 year sleep?

Posted by Guest on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 10:59 am

this is simply a troll barrier

it is a signpost to indicate to the reader that other anonymous posters on this thread are beginning to purposely diminish the conversation into reactionary hyperbole and/or petty, mean spirited, personal attacks and irrelevant bickering

the barrier is put in place to signal that there is probably little point in reading more replies in the thread past this point

proceed at your own risk

Posted by troll barrier on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 12:02 pm

If these "Friends" groups were entirely civic-minded and altruistic, they would disclose their revenues and expenses to the public. Those that do not have something to hide. Some raise millions that finance a type of Shadow Government for City departments, while providing slush-funds for expenses that would be prohibited under City budget rules. City officials get drawn into playing with dark money to advance their own agendas when they should be transparently serving the Public. These Public-Private partnerships may pave the way to Privatization and further erosion of public influence in government. Thank you for shining a light on this situation. Without transparency it will inevitably breed corruption and more social inequality.

Posted by GuestDerekKerr on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 11:39 am

try and influence events. Businesses do that, of course, but so do unions and individuals.

Isn't that part of why we all want to have money? To use it to achieve something that we believe in?

Posted by Guest on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 11:52 am

this is simply a troll barrier

it is a signpost to indicate to the reader that other anonymous posters on this thread are beginning to purposely diminish the conversation into reactionary hyperbole and/or petty, mean spirited, personal attacks and irrelevant bickering

the barrier is put in place to signal that there is probably little point in reading more replies in the thread past this point

proceed at your own risk

Posted by troll barrier on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 12:07 pm

This article starts out to Shine a Light on the Shadowy public-private private partnerships, but it has a number of errors about both the City Attorney the Friends of the Library — since the real story is that the millions raised by the Friends of the Library that are still not accounted for, while more money went to the executives of the Friends than was shown as benefiting the public library, and City Librarian Luis Herrera admitted guilt and was fined for violations of the Political Reform Act involving the Friends, but not a word of that appeared in this article.

And of course Ms. Bowe and Mr. Rodriguez need to issue a retraction that City Attorney Dennis Hererra successfully litigated on behalf of the whistleblowers, since Herrera's team fought Dr. Kerr's legal settlement every step of the way for over two years.

Another article should follow in order to correct the many errors in this piece.

Patrick Monette-Shaw

Posted by Patrick Monette-Shaw on Oct. 13, 2013 @ 12:27 pm

I really wish the new ownership of SFBG worried about good journalism as much as the bottom line. This article is full of factual errors (for example, the SBC did not support Pet Food Express). If you're going to do "investigative reporting" PLEASE INVESTIGATE! If this is the best you can do for your special anniversary, the BG is worse off than I thought. It's always been a left wing joke, but now it's a poorly written and poorly researched joke -- and living in the past.

Posted by Sid on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 4:00 pm

... while its true that they didn't make a full reversal of their position, the SBC did become neutral when lobbied again in 2013, versus their 2009 original position of being against formula pet retail in the Marina. We've updated the post for more clarity, which detailed that some commissioners reversed their positions. Additionally, other commissioners who were new to the board remained neutral.

Posted by Joe Fitzgerald on Oct. 11, 2013 @ 11:27 am

Rebecca Katz supported Pet Food Express because they do great work for animals in need throughout northern CA. They do not "donate" money or supplies -- they go to pet food companies and ask them to help. The fact is, Mayor Lee's new budget does not include a dime for ACC, which takes in more than 10,000 animals a year on less than $4 million annually (while the private SFSPCA across the street sits on $70 million in assets and picks and chooses, taking only a few hundred animals a year). Ms. Katz is the only city employee who literally must make life and death decisions every day -- and if it weren't for Pet Food Express and Ellen DeGeneres's Halo Foods, ACC would be killing animals simply because the City of Saint Francis doesn't care enough to provide the food themselves. So, if it comes between animals dying for lack of food and Pet Food Express stepping in, I'll take Pet Food Express any day. And until this "reporter" does some homework -- and spends a day at ACC seeing the incredibly tough shape they're in -- she should get off her high horse and shut up.

Posted by Jobeth on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 4:14 pm

What Rebecca is writing about is what Naomi Klein calls 'disaster capitalism'.

In the disaster capitalism model, large corporations pressure government to cut taxes and limit spending creating a false funding crisis.

The limited spending then results in agencies like Animal Care & Control, Rec & Park, etc, to be woefully underfunded; at which point huge companies and their owners like Pet Food Express and the Fisher family, step in and take over services privately, by using their corporate power and money as leverage - all while claiming that they are heroes for saving animals, and building museums and soccer fields.

This in turn gives them leverage at City Hall because nonprofits and department heads, desperate to get the continued support of those elites and corporations, pressure in favor of corporate interests such as the opening of another Pet Food Express which is going to drive local pet shop owners out of business and diminish the character and beauty of our city.

This is how privatization works.

Posted by Eric Brooks on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 10:17 am

widely held view for 35 years now. The idea is that politicians (left or right - doesn't matter) will always try and spend more and more because they think that will make them more popular and keep them in office.

So it really doesn't matter which of them you vote for. Even right-wing republicans love to spend money, just maybe on different things.

So the only way the people can have real power over government is to "starve the beast". Politicians will always try and avoid or defer the difficult spending cut decisions, and so the deficit continually gets worse. Only by paying less in taxes and under-funding government, can we ever truly get a prudent, responsible, right-sized government.

Posted by Guest on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 10:35 am

this is simply a troll barrier

it is a signpost to indicate to the reader that other anonymous posters on this thread are beginning to purposely diminish the conversation into reactionary hyperbole and/or petty, mean spirited, personal attacks and irrelevant bickering

the barrier is put in place to signal that there is probably little point in reading more replies in the thread past this point

proceed at your own risk

Posted by barrier on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 9:55 pm

Feeding the Beast to Green the Planet.

There is a way to improve our city without raising taxes,
without spending more tax money.
It is called a Feed-in Tariff (FiT).
It is a policy that requires PG&E to pay solar farmers and homeowners who put 33+ solar panels on their roofs and feed their surplus energy onto the grid.

This policy is now being used in over 6,900 cities around the world.
The idea was first drafted as a law by the young economist
Hermann Scheer in 1991, right after Chernobyl.
He wanted a way to shift our economy from nukes to solar.
So he wrote the FiT law, which was then adopted by city after city.
This has created 500,000 new solar jobs in Germany.
The FiT has generated $5 billion in new cash flow for cities.
The FiT has made the German economy the strongest in Europe.

In response to Fukushima,
Japan recently pass the FiT law requiring Utilities to pay $0.53 kwh to any solar farmer who feeds solar onto the grid.
Since 2011, Japan now makes enough solar energy from home roofs that it has replaced 3 atomic reactors, according to Naoto Kan.
By 2020 they will generate enough solar from roofs to replace all nukes.
Japan will be 100% solar powered by 2050.
So will Germany & 69 other nations around the world.

How did the US respond to Fukushima?
By licensing 4 new atomic bomb making reactors in Georgia.

What is the opposite of such a reasonable plan to
pay homeowners $0.49 kwh
to feed solar onto the grid??

Glad you asked.
Shell Oil has a "Friends" committee that is paying "green" activist to push a scheme to give Shell Oil $1 Billion of SF tax monies.
The plan is called "CleanPower SF".
You know anytime the word "clean" is in the name of a group,
that it must be dirty.

This is more invisible influence of City Hall, as Shell Oil
corporate cash flows to Friends of Shell, to keep
oil companies in control.

Please come to SF Ocean Beach Saturday 11am, for a Human Mural
to spell out "Fukushima is here", 10-19-13.

Posted by Paul Kangas on Oct. 11, 2013 @ 5:10 pm

Most of us in SF want a better and bigger government.
We want to be able to protect decentralized neighborhood
small businesses, be they pet food stores, or
homes that have 133 solar panels on their lot,
who then provide solar energy for their neighbors,
when the next quake shuts down the grid.

We want a better, tougher government that can
require Utilities & corporations to give us more taxes,
pay homes for feeding solar onto the grid,
and stop pushing out low cost housing.

We don't want Mayors who give tax breaks to corporations.
Willie Brown & Ed Lee both deserves a third term -- in prison -- for all the
huge tax breaks he gave rapacious corporations who
destroyed old housing, and then built huge office buildings,
without low rent housing.

Posted by Paul Kangas on Oct. 11, 2013 @ 5:30 pm

You speak for a small but noisy and whiney minority who are vastly outnumbered across the land.

I live in SF and I want none of what you are selling. As Reagan said 30 years ago: "government is not the solution; government is the problem".

Oh, and Willie Brown and Ed Lee won by huge majorities, so you are not even "most people" in SF.

Posted by Guest on Oct. 11, 2013 @ 5:49 pm

this is simply a troll barrier

it is a signpost to indicate to the reader that other anonymous posters on this thread are beginning to purposely diminish the conversation into reactionary hyperbole and/or petty, mean spirited, personal attacks and irrelevant bickering

the barrier is put in place to signal that there is probably little point in reading more replies in the thread past this point

proceed at your own risk

Posted by barrier on Oct. 11, 2013 @ 6:27 pm

This is only the tip of the iceberg. Unfortunately, many of our civil servants are not acting in the citizens interest. It is amazing how much a little grease, typically under ten grand, can benefit developers.

Just look how a phony $6200 "donation" for destructive tree cutting in a public park can improve views for a $15 million Diamond Heights project for the rich, right here in Noe Valley. When there is grease, the City turns a blind eye to its own regulations.

Posted by SFreptile on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 7:36 pm

So, where is my former comment?

Posted by SFreptile on Oct. 09, 2013 @ 7:40 pm

Every since Ed Lee has been elected Mayor, the City has veered sharply to the right.
Opening the City's coffers to multi-national corporations, ignoring residents concerns about high-rises and automobile traffic, not addressing the lack of affordable housing, public restrooms, drinking fountains, and community spaces, and proposing and implementing repressive measures like "Sit-Lie" and "Stop And Frisk indicate this administration is not working for the best interests of the residents. And with few exceptions, the Board Of Supervisors seems to be in lock-step with the Mayor on most issues.

Of all the problems facing the City, "Vandalism To Parks Between 12AM and 5AM" would have to be at the bottom of the list. A "million dollars?!" Hell, The City gives that much away every day to corporations for one reason or the other. This is simply another barely-disguised attack on people who have no other place to be. How much will implementation and administration of this new law cost? Where will the money come from, and who will receive it? Won't it cost more than $1 million dollars per year?

Supervisor Wiener may be positioning himself to run for higher office by leading a witch-hunt to chase the most vulnerable people out of the City. The City has survived until now without park closures.This measure does nothing for anyone. I urge the Board of Supervisors to reject this repressive and unnecessary measure, and to concentrate on issues that benefit ALL residents.

Posted by TrollKiller on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 6:07 am

rent control, huge welfare subsidies, massive payments to unaccountable non-profits and inflated pay and benefits for city workers.

Posted by Guest on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 6:29 am

Filtering a few crumbs for the poor and sick through the nonprofits along with making labor feel like it has power enables the extraction of orders of magnitude wealth from the City via the public entitlement and contracting processes.

Posted by marcos on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 7:03 pm

Proof?

Posted by Guest on Oct. 13, 2013 @ 4:41 pm

Don't be fooled by fraudulent nonprofits, such as Mark Goldes' Aesop Institute. Read reviews: http://greatnonprofits.org/reviews/aesop-institute/166232/

Posted by Guest on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 1:31 pm

Abstract:

Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” is simply an elaborate fraud.

1. Overview.

The professional charlatan Mark Goldes, starting in the mid-seventies, engaged for several years in the pretense that his company SunWind Ltd was developing a nearly production-ready, road-worthy, wind-powered “windmobile,” based on the windmobile invented by James Amick; and that therefore SunWind would be a wonderful investment opportunity.

After SunWind “dried up” in 1983, Goldes embarked on the long-running pretense that his company Room Temperature Superconductors Inc was developing room-temperature superconductors; and that therefore Room Temperature Superconductors Inc would be a wonderful investment opportunity. He continues the pretense that the company developed something useful, even to this day.

And then Goldes embarked on the pretense that his company Magnetic Power Inc was developing “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on “Virtual Photon Flux;” and then, on the pretense that MPI was developing horn-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES” based on the resonance of magnetized tuning-rods; and then, on the pretense that his company Chava LLC (aka “Chava Energy”) was developing water-fueled engines based on “collapsing hydrogen orbits” (which are ruled out by quantum physics); and then, on the pretense that he was developing strictly-ambient-heat-powered “NO FUEL ENGINES” (which are ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics).

But of course, the laws of physics always make an exception for the make-believe pretenses of Mark Goldes.

Goldes’ forty-year career of “revolutionary breakthrough” pretense has nothing to do with science, but only with pseudoscience, pseudophysics, and relentless flimflam, in pursuit of loans and donations from gullible people who never mastered physics very well.

Mark Goldes’ “Aesop Institute” has engaged for many years in the very dishonest and unscrupulous practice of soliciting loans and donations under an endless series of false pretenses, that it is developing and even “prototyping” various “revolutionary breakthroughs,” such as “NO FUEL ENGINES” that run on ambient heat alone – or run on “Virtual Photon Flux” – or on “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” – or even on the acoustic energy of sound from a horn.

Aesop Institute’s make-believe strictly ambient heat engine is ruled out by the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This has been understood by physicists for at least 180 years. There is no “new science” that has ever determined such an engine to be possible.

Aesop Institute’s make-believe “Virtual Photon Flux” engine is based on the idea that accessible electric power “is everywhere present in unlimited quantities” – which we know to be false.

Aesop Institute’s make-believe “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” engine is based on Randell Mills’ theory of “hydrino” hydrogen, which every scientist knows to be false.

Aesop Institute’s make-believe horn-powered engine is based on the pretense that a magnetized tuning rod could somehow “multiply energy” – a ludicrous notion, which is obviously ruled out by the law of conservation of energy.

Aesop Institute’s very latest make-believe engine is a perpetual motion machine in the form of a self-powered air compressor, which proposes to use a turbine to compress air to spin the turbine to compress air to spin the turbine.

Aesop Institute has never offered the slightest shadow of evidence that it is actually developing or “prototyping” any of these make-believe physics-defying “revolutionary breakthroughs.” All it has ever offered are mere declarations that it is doing so – unsupported by any proof whatever, of any kind whatever.

There are no “revolutionary breakthroughs” to be found on Goldes’ fraudulent “Aesop Institute” website. There is only pseudoscience, relentless flimflam, and empty claims of engines that are ruled out by the laws of physics.

2. Goldes’ “POWERGENIE” Horn-Powered Tuning-Rod Engine Flimflam

In appreciation of its entertainment value, let’s look at another example of Mark Goldes’ wonderful offerings in “revolutionary new technology:”

The amazing “POWERGENIE!”

One of the most laughable of Mark Goldes’ many pseudotypes is his “POWERGENIE” horn-powered generator. The brilliant idea of this revolutionary breakthrough is to blow a horn at a magnetized tuning rod, designed to resonate at the frequency of the horn, and then collect the electromotive energy produced by the vibrations of the rod.

We’re not making this up.

POWERGENIE tuning rod engine explained – from the patent:

[The device incorporates] “an energy transfer and multiplier element being constructed of a ferromagnetic substance… having a natural resonance, due to a physical structure whose dimensions are directly proportional to the wavelength of the resonance frequency…

“In this resonant condition, the rod material functions as a tuned waveguide, or longitudinal resonator, for acoustic energy…

“Ferrite rod 800 is driven to acoustic resonance at the second harmonic of its fundamental resonant frequency by acoustic horn 811…”

- But the patent doesn’t tell us who will volunteer to blow the horn at the rod all day. Perhaps it will come with an elephant.

Mark Goldes claimed in 2008 that this wonderful triumph of human genius would bring his company, Magnetic Power Inc, one billion dollars in annual revenue by 2012. Magnetic Power is now defunct, having never produced any “Magnetic Power Modules” – just as Goldes’ company called “Room Temperature Superconductors Inc” is also now defunct, having never produced any “room temperature superconductors.”

3. Goldes’ Strictly Ambient Heat Engine Flimflam

In Mark Goldes’ patent application for his ludicrous “POWERGENIE” horn-powered tuning-rod engine, he described the tuning-rod as “an energy transfer and multiplier element.”

But of course, for the tuning-rod to “multiply” energy, it would need to disprove the law of conservation of energy.

Goldes’ use of the term “energy multiplier element” reflected his pretense that the “revolutionary breakthrough” of the amazing “POWERGENIE” could disprove the law of conservation of energy, by presenting the world with a working “energy multiplier.”

Goldes even claimed in 2008 that the POWERGENIE had been demonstrated already in an electric car, driven 4800 miles by his energy-multiplying horn-powered tuning-rod.

But it seems that most people, for some reason, had difficulty accepting the notion that the law of conservation of energy could be proven false.

And Goldes no doubt noticed that the Second Law of Thermodynamics – that “the entropy of an isolated system tends to increase with time and can never decrease” – is much less clear to most people than the conservation of energy.

So now, after leaving aside the pretense that he could somehow “multiply energy” with a magnetized tuning-rod, Goldes has chosen to focus, instead, on the pretense that he can disprove the Second Law with an engine powered only by ambient heat.

There is no “new science” in any of Goldes’ “revolutionary breakthroughs.” There is only pseudoscience and pretense – and nothing new, at all.

Mark Goldes’ proofless claims regarding his make-believe strictly ambient heat engine do not represent any new technology, or even a new pretense – they merely represent a rather old pretense.

“Before the establishment of the Second Law, many people who were interested in inventing a perpetual motion machine had tried to circumvent the restrictions of First Law of Thermodynamics by extracting the massive internal energy of the environment as the power of the machine. Such a machine is called a “perpetual motion machine of the second kind”. The second law declared the impossibility of such machines.”

“A perpetual motion machine of the second kind is a machine which spontaneously converts thermal energy into mechanical work. When the thermal energy is equivalent to the work done, this does not violate the law of conservation of energy. However it does violate the more subtle second law of thermodynamics (see also entropy). The signature of a perpetual motion machine of the second kind is that there is only one heat reservoir involved… This conversion of heat into useful work, without any side effect, is impossible, according to the second law of thermodynamics.”

Goldes’ make-believe strictly ambient heat engine would be a perpetual motion machine of the second kind, as defined above. Goldes is not developing any such engine; he is merely developing a pretense – as usual.

The Kelvin-Planck formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics may be stated as follows:

“No cyclic process driven simply by heat can accomplish the absorption of the heat from a reservoir and the conversion of such heat into work – without any other result (such as a transfer of heat to a cooler reservoir).”

Now, as you will see, the Clausius formulation of the Second Law may be stated with fewer words:

“No process is possible whose sole result is the transfer of heat from a cooler to a hotter body.”

In fact, we can show that the Kelvin-Planck formulation may be deduced from that of Clausius. In the words of Enrico Fermi:

“Suppose that Kelvin’s postulate were not valid. Then we could perform a transformation whose only final result would be to transform completely into work a definite amount of heat taken from a single source at the temperature t1. By means of friction we could then transform this work into heat again and with this heat raise the temperature of a given body, regardless of what its initial temperature, t2, may have been. In particular, we could take t2 to be higher than t1. Thus, the only final result of this process would be the transfer of heat from one body (the source at temperature t1) to another body at a higher temperature, t2. This would be a violation of the Clausius postulate.”

Can anyone make a teapot that boils water by absorbing heat from blocks of ice?

Max Planck, in his “Treatise On Thermodynamics,” explains how the Second Law of Thermodynamics “may be deduced from a single simple law of experience about which there is no doubt.” Here is the “single simple law of experience” he proposes:

“It is impossible to construct an engine which will work in a complete cycle, and produce no effect except the raising of a weight and the cooling of a heat-reservoir.”

This “law of experience” is very similar to a principle suggested by William Thomson (Lord Kelvin):

“It is impossible, by means of inanimate material agency, to derive mechanical effect from any portion of matter by cooling it below the temperature of the coldest of the surrounding objects.”

The “simple law of experience” offered by Planck is therefore commonly known as the “Kelvin-Planck statement” of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. But we see from Planck’s “Treatise” that Planck himself did not quite regard it as a statement of the Second Law, but rather as a “starting point” or postulate from which the Second Law may be deduced.

Here is Planck’s rendition of the Second Law itself:

“The second law of thermodynamics states that there exists in nature for each system of bodies a quantity, which by all changes of the system either remains constant (in reversible processes) or increases in value (in irreversible processes). This quantity is called, following Clausius, the entropy of the system.”

The Second Law of Thermodynamics rules out strictly ambient heat engines.

Expecting an ambient heat engine to do any work, with only one heat reservoir, is exactly equivalent to expecting a teapot to boil water by absorbing heat from a block of ice.

Both processes are ruled out by the very same law – the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

“It is impossible for any device operating on a cycle to produce net work from a single temperature reservoir; the production of net work requires flow of heat from a higher temperature reservoir to a colder reservoir.”

In a strictly ambient heat engine there are not two heat reservoirs at different temperatures; no reservoir would be available at any temperature other than the ambient temperature. Therefore the engine would have to DECREASE the total entropy – and therefore we know for certain that the engine will disappoint us. It will never be able to do any work.

Flow of heat from a block of ice to lukewarm water would also result in a DECREASE of the total entropy.

Once again: Expecting an ambient heat engine to do any work, with only one heat reservoir, is exactly equivalent to expecting a teapot to boil water by absorbing heat from a block of ice. Anyone who claims to be developing a “prototype” of such an engine is only developing a pretense, and nothing more.

4. Mark Goldes’ “FUEL-FREE TURBINE” Flimflam

Mark Goldes’ latest adventure in flimflam is to declare that a “FUEL-FREE TURBINE invented by a Russian scientist runs on atmospheric pressure.”

But when we read the patent application, we find that actually the turbine does NOT run on atmospheric pressure – it requires compressed air. This is clearly indicated even in the article by Kondrashov posted by Goldes on his flimflam website. Kondrashov says:

“To create a sample of such an engine, you can use ready-made devices, such as a load-bearing element – a low-power turbine module turboshaft turbine engine, and to compress the air… any type of compressor…”

Kondrashov filed his patent application in 2003. No patent was awarded.

Mark Goldes assures us in his note prefacing Kondrashov’s article that “We understand the science behind this jet engine.” But since he incorrectly describes it as an engine powered by “atmospheric pressure” – which it certainly is not – in fact he shows that he doesn’t even understand that the engine requires a supply of compressed air in order to spin at all.

Although Kondrashov does pretend in some of his statements that the turbine will be powered by “atmospheric pressure,” in fact it is evident from his application that the proposed turbine is made to spin only by the use of compressed air.

In his patent application, Kondrashov states:

“To set the above engine in operation, it is necessary to create pressure of working medium (e.g. air) in pneumatic accumulator 18. The compressed air is fed through check valve 19 and/or 20.”

Thus, Kondrashov indicates that an external compressor must be used to fill the turbine’s compressed air tank before the turbine can be started. But he tries to pretend that once the turbine starts to spin, there will be no further reliance on the external compressor – the spinning turbine itself will compress the air that is making the turbine spin. So despite his own false description of the turbine as making use of “low-grade atmospheric energy,” what Kondrashov actually presents in his patent application is a perpetual motion machine in the form of a self-powered air compressor. This is probably the reason why no patent was awarded. It is exactly analogous to trying to use a generator to power a motor to spin the generator to power the motor to spin the generator. It doesn’t work.

For more information on the “FUEL-FREE TURBINE,” please see section 8.5.

5. Goldes’ “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” Hydrino Engine Flimflam

Mark Goldes’ make-believe “water-fueled engine” supposedly involving “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” is nothing more than copy-cat flimflam based on Randell Mills’ bogus theory of “Classical Quantum Mechanics” (CQM) and “hydrino” hydrogen.

2009: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims that his latest company, Chava Energy, “has been developing enhanced theoretical and practical paths that lead towards commercialization of energy conversion systems that utilize hydrinos.”

Goldes has never stopped claiming to be “developing a Self Powered Internal Combustion Engine – SPICE(tm) powered by hydrinos.”

Here is what the physicist Andreas Rathke has to say about Mills’ theory of “Classical Quantum Mechanics,” on which both Mills’ “hydrinos” and Goldes’ “fractional hydrogen” are supposedly based:

“In this paper, we have considered the theoretical foundations of the hydrino hypothesis, both within the theoretical framework of CQM, in which hydrinos were originally suggested, and within standard quantum mechanics. We found that CQM is inconsistent and has several serious deficiencies. Amongst these are the failure to reproduce the energy levels of the excited states of the hydrogen atom, and the absence of Lorentz invariance. Most importantly, we found that CQM does not predict the existence of hydrino states! Also, standard quantum mechanics cannot encompass hydrino states, with the properties currently attributed to them. Hence there remains no theoretical support of the hydrino hypothesis.”

http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/7/1/127/fulltext/

6. Goldes’ “Virtual Photon Flux” Engine Flimflam

The make-believe “Virtual Photon Flux” engine is merely another exercise in flimflam, which Goldes has evidently judged to be played out, since he hardly mentions it any more. For more information, please see section 8.1 under “Notes” below.

7. Conclusion.

Mark Goldes’ forty-year career of “revolutionary breakthrough” pretense has nothing to do with science, but only with pseudoscience, pseudophysics, and relentless flimflam, in pursuit of investments, loans and donations from gullible people who never mastered physics very well.

8.Notes

8.1

2005: Mark Goldes Claims His Flimflam-Powered “Virtual Photon Flux” Magnetic Power Modules Will Earn MPI (His Now-Defunct Company) 335 Million Dollars By 2010

For over twenty years, beginning in 1987, Mark Goldes’ company “Magnetic Power Inc” (MPI) declared year after year that prototypes of its current pretended “revolutionary breakthroughs” would be presented for validation “next year.” Not a single one of these countless claims were ever fulfilled before the worthless company was finally disbanded.

Here is an excerpt from a typical example of a fraudulent “Executive Summary” from MPI, falsely pretending to have already created a working generator powered by “Virtual Photon Flux:”

Executive Summary [November 14, 2005]

“MPI’s mission is to supply the world with clean, abundant, and inexpensive electricity.

“The company is developing technology it calls Magnetic Power Modules(TM). Based upon breakthrough discoveries in MPI’s labs, Magnetic Power Modules are being designed that operate continuously, without fuel, extracting electricity by converting abundant, renewable, Virtual Photon Flux (VPF), an energy source that exists everywhere in the universe. The process will create no pollution. The cost of electricity is estimated to be less than 1 cent/Kwh, significantly less than any competing form of power generation today or in the foreseeable future.

“Magnetic Power Modules will be scaled to a wide range of applications. They appear suitable for the relatively small power needs of consumer devices up through the massive needs of power generation plants.

“Revenues from licenses of Magnetic Power Modules are conservatively projected to exceed $200 million annually by 2009:

“2006: $10 million; 2007: $25 million; 2008: $75 million; 2009: $225 million”

“Following the VPF research in private laboratories around the world, and based on recent breakthroughs in MPI laboratories, prototypes are currently being built that the Company expects will soon receive external validation. The first in a substantial series of patent applications was filed in January, 2005. A plug-in hybrid car may be modified, to become a prototype powered by VPF for local driving, during 2006.

“The commercial potential of Magnetic Power Modules is huge, with applications throughout the roughly $1.8 trillion worldwide market for energy. The Company forecasts rapidly growing revenues and profits, with revenues beginning in 2006…

“Revenues from licenses of Magnetic Power Modules are conservatively projected to exceed $200 million annually by 2009:

“2006: $10 million; 2007: $25 million; 2008: $75 million; 2009: $225 million“

- Mark Goldes’ MPI, November 14, 2005

http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=print&sid=1610

8.2

2007: Mark Goldes Claims He Will Demonstrate His Imaginary One-Kilowatt Horn-Powered Tuning-Rod “GENIE” Engine (aka “POWERGENIE”) Within One Year; Hundred-Kilowatt “GENIE” Might Take Two Years

“A revolutionary breakthrough by Magnetic Power Inc., called GENIE™ (Generating Electricity by Nondestructive Interference of Energy) will make possible the elimination of the need for batteries of every variety. GENIE generators are expected to replace the need to plug-in a plug-in hybrid. 2 kW is all the power that can be taken from a typical wall socket. A pair of 1 kW GENIE generators are expected to demonstrate a compact, inexpensive, capability to end the need to plug-in, prior to the end of 2008.

“If the development of GENIE generators is put on a 24/7 footing, it may be possible to provide 100 kW systems that will fit in the space of a typical gas tank, on a prototype basis in perhaps two years.”

http://outraged.chattablogs.com/archives/064832.html

- Goldes never mentions that the “GENIE” was actually to be powered by a horn.

8.3

2008: Mark Goldes Claims MPI’s “Patent Pending” Ambient Heat Engine Has Already Powered A Car For 4800 Miles; Claims MPI Will Earn One Billion Dollars Annually By 2012

In his “Executive Summary” for MPI of June 2, 2008, Goldes states:

“The company is now involved with a revolutionary, patent pending, technology, which converts ambient heat into electricity. This non-magnetic breakthrough has the potential to go to production in the near future. The system has proven capability to recharge batteries from heat extracted from the air; an alternative to the need to plug-in…

“Prototypes of the non-magnetic [ambient heat engine] system have been in operation for more that one year and successfully run an electric car for more than 4,800 miles with no need to plug-in.”

It is possible for a heat engine to be powered by ambient heat – as long as it can also utilize a second heat reservoir at a lower temperature. But Goldes’ countless descriptions of his imaginary ambient heat engine have always envisioned a single-reservoir heat engine. Such an engine can do no work – as physicists have understood at least since 1824. This fact is known as the “Kelvin-Planck Postulate.” Notice that Goldes pretends that there is a “patent pending” for his imaginary invention. Of course, he has never provided any Patent Application Publication Number by which we could confirm that there was any “patent pending” as he claims. Just like the single-reservoir heat engine itself, Goldes’ patent application for it is evidently purely imaginary.

In the same “Executive Summary” for MPI, Goldes claims that MPI’s array of imaginary engines will earn the company one billion dollars annually by 2012:

“Revenues from licenses and Joint Ventures are conservatively projected to exceed $1 billion annually by 2012.

“2008: $25 million; 2009: $100 million; 2010: $300 million; 2011: $600 million, 2012: $1 b[illion].

http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=27&ved=0CF8...

8.4

2009: Goldes seeks investors with fraudulent claims that his latest company, Chava Energy, “has been developing enhanced theoretical and practical paths that lead towards commercialization of energy conversion systems that utilize hydrinos.”

Goldes now claims to be “developing a Self Powered Internal Combustion Engine – SPICE(tm) powered by hydrinos.”

http://www.opednews.com/articles/Hydrinos–One-Barrel-of-W-by-Mark-Goldes-090506-117.html

8.5

Here is the Patent Application that was filed ten years ago for Boris Kondrashov’s perpetual air compressor, which Mark Goldes now calls a “FUEL-FREE TURBINE:”

http://www.google.com/patents/US20070114330

The application was filed in 2003, and was not awarded any patent.

Let’s look at the application. Under “Claims 1″ we are told:

“…kinetic energy of the obtained joined jet mass is used for creating a moment of rotation on the power shaft, characterized in that the working medium is presented by external gaseous masses, which before being fed to the jet device for forming an active jet are compressed in a compressor to the calculated level of pressure sufficient for creating rarefaction in the adding device…”

Somewhere else Kondrashov says:

“To set the above engine in operation, it is necessary to create pressure of working medium (e.g. air) in pneumatic accumulator 18. The compressed air is fed through check valve 19 and/or 20. On the calculated pressure level being reached, valve 21 is switched in use, which provides a calculated duration of flowing of compressed air out of the jet nozzle with a preset periodicity.”

“…compressed gases instead of combustion products are used as the working medium…”

There are many other statements that make it plain that neither “atmospheric pressure” nor “atmospheric heat” power the engine – despite Kondrashov’s claims, which are contradicted by his own description of the engine. In one section of the patent he mentions incorporating a heat pump, without ever describing or explaining what will power the heat pump. In other sections of the patent he seems to forget about the heat pump entirely. With or without the heat pump, he is presenting the idea of a compressed-air powered air compressor which would compress its own air, once it got started. We are never going to see that happen. – Oh, but yes we are! Mark Goldes will demonstrate it “next year” – along with all of his other make-believe engines.

http://physicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/perpetual-flimflam-ma...

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Posted by ganhar dinheiro on Jun. 05, 2014 @ 9:21 am

Don't be fooled by fraudulent nonprofits, such as Mark Goldes' Aesop Institute. Read reviews: http://greatnonprofits.org/reviews/aesop-institute/166232/

Posted by Guest on Oct. 10, 2013 @ 1:35 pm

Since the Society of Professional Journalists — Northern California Chapter awarded me its James Madison Freedom of Information Award in the Advocacy category in March 2012 for my coverage during the past decade of the LHH rebuild projects’ cost-overruns, the LHH patient gift fund scandal, and Dr. Kerr's unprecedented wrongful termination retaliation lawsuit, I think I’m somewhat qualified to comment on this Guardian article.

I was in full agreement with Ms. Bowe and Mr. Fitzgerald-Rodriguez right up to the middle of their article, appreciating their exposé of influence peddling by “Friends” lurking in the City evading transparency of millions of dollars in donations and skirting public disclosure.

But when I reached where Bowe and Rodriquez got to addressing Deputy City Controller Monique Zmuda, factual errors from there to the end of their special investigation article were simply outrageous.

Zmuda tries to call it a “fine line” between gifts being made directly to a department that have to be fully disclosed, but that gifts to “Friends of” organizations that are “arms” of City departments that don’t have to be disclosed. This is nonsense, since the Department of Public Health lists in its annual report to the Health Commission all gifts to the Health Department from its various “arms,” including the San Francisco Public Health Foundation, the San Francisco General Hospital Foundation, Louise Renne’s former Laguna Honda Foundation (which always reported goose eggs), and Laguna Honda Volunteers, Inc., recently re-branded as the “Friends of Laguna Honda Hospital.”

Bowe and Rodriquez assert that the San Francisco General Hospital Foundation is one of the largest nonprofits and could be described as a “model of disclosure for city foundations,” but they ignore that the equally-as-large San Francisco Public Health Foundation — on which Health Commission President Sonia Melara holds an appointment to its Board of Directors — is hardly a model of disclosure, particularly around its donations to Project Homeless Connect. Just ask Rajiv Bhatia, a senior DPH employee who appears to have placed a public records request for Project Homeless Connect records and may now be experiencing retaliation backlash.

Indeed, the Health Department’s annual report to the Health Commission lists “gifts” made to the Department of Public Health from these foundations, so why the “gifts” made to DPH isn’t reported to the Board of Supervisors is unclear, despite concerns of healthcare advocates that the Health Commission and Health Department have simply failed to report the gifts to the Board of Supervisors, in much the same way that the Health Commission and DPH thought they could get away with violating the State’s Brown Act and San Francisco’s Sunshine Ordinance by failing to include meaningful agenda item descriptions on its meeting agendas for over 20 years simply because they had always done it that was as a past practice. Another past practice may well be that the Health Commission simply doesn’t follow the law in reporting these “gifts” to the Board of Supervisors, despite DPH issuing its annual “gifts received” report to the Health Commission.

That Bowe and Rodriquez failed to report that Commissioner Melara also sits on the San Francisco Public Health Foundation Board of Directors was troubling, since that tangles the web of intrigue further.

Bowe and Rodriquez attribute that former Health Commission president James Illig said “hospital staff would never direct foundation funds to pet projects, or mishandle funds.” But that’s exactly what happened when senior Laguna Honda Hospital administrators mishandled patient gift funds that had been received from these so-called “Friends of” non-profit foundations. For his part, Illig had initially, and throughout the eventual gift fund audit, claimed that LHH had not mishandled funds, when of course it was eventually proven that they had. Eventually, Illig reversed course, finally finding the courage to publicly thank Kerr and Rivero long before Kerr’s lawsuit was settled, for having brought the gift fund raid to the attention of the public.

Sadly, Bowe and Rodriquez claimed City Attorney Dennis Herrera had “successfully litigated on behalf of whistleblowers” Derek Kerr and Maria Rivero, senior physician specialists at Laguna Honda Hospital who drummed out of their jobs. Herrera did no such thing litigating on behalf of Kerr and Rivero, as Bowe and Rodriquez must know. Instead, Herrera fought the two doctors every step of the way, and refused to investigate the raid of Laguna Honda patients’ gift fund. To the extent the patient gift fund was made somewhat “whole” with return of $350,000 wrongly diverted to staff perks instead, it wasn’t due to City Attorney Herrera, but came about only because of intense political pressure that eventually required the City Controller’s Office — not the City Attorney’s Office — to audit the patient gift fund in a really long, drawn-out audit using a flawed methodology to help cover up the wrongdoing.

And Kerr wasn’t actually fully vindicated during the Health Commission’s meeting in April 2013. Instead, the Health Department attempted to bury advance notice of Kerr’s pending public apology by embedding it in a separate agenda item, with no description on the agenda that Kerr would actually receive a public vindication as a non-monetary term of his eventual, unprecedented lawsuit settlement had provided. Multiple items of Kerr’s non-monetary settlement terms were violated, possibly with the tacit approval of Deputy City Attorney’s eager to help City Attorney Dennis Herrera cover up details of Kerr’s actual settlement, many of which faced “do-overs” to correct settlement term violations.

In a sidebar accompanying Bowe’s and Rodriquez’s article, Laguna Honda Hospital Foundation Vice Chair and head of the Anshen + Allen architectural firm Derek Parker is reported as having “managed funds that aided … furnishing” Laguna Honda Hospital’s furniture, fixture, and equipment (FFE). But Bowe and Rodriquez neglect to note that Louise Renne’s firm had received IRS non-profit 501(c)(3) Laguna Honda Foundation based on Renne’s application claim that she would raise $15 million towards purchase of FFE. She, and Parker, and their Foundation raised not one penny towards the purchase of FFE.

Later in the article, Bowe and Rodriquez claim “then Mayor Willie Brown” found funding for the FFE. But that’s sloppy reporting from Bowe and Rodriquez, since when the Board of Supervisors finally coughed up General Fund money to pay for the entire purchase of FFE for LHH after Renne raised not one dime, it was then Mayor Gavin Newsom at the helm, not Slick Willie.

Next, Bowe and Rodriquez claim Renne’s Foundation’s Vice Chair, Derek Parker — head of Anshen + Allen — had received a $585 million contract to rebuild LHH. That’s the sloppiest reporting I’ve seen in a long time. Anshen + Allen were awarded a contract to rebuild LHH for a $400 million base budget, not a $585 million contract, and it was only the $195 million in cost over-runs Parker failed to contain that pushed the project to its $595 million eventual cost. And Bowe and Rodriquez mention nothing that the City is now suing Anshen + Allen in Superior Court for $75 million in design errors and faulty construction involving the LHH rebuild project.

Bowe and Rodriquez report that Louise Renne claims her Foundation’s Board of Directors “continue to assist the hospital in various phases of new projects,” even after Renne’s Foundation dissolved following an investigation by the California Attorney General’s Registry of Public Trusts into why Renne had obtained independent 501(e)(3) non-profit status from the IRS, but was simultaneously hiding behind a so-called “fiscal sponsor” as a sponsored project of another non-profit, known as “Community Initiatives,” a double-dipping operation that the Registry of Charitable Trusts apparently concluded was improper. To the extent Renne’s Board of Directors continue assisting LHH, it is NOT in their role as her dissolved Board of Directors, but may be in their role as contractors hoping to obtain future lucrative city contracts and buying continued influence.

The “Friends” of Laguna Honda, like “Friends” of other City departments, are more than likely not the only non-profit organizations hiding donor information behind the front man of fiscal sponsors.

From my perspective, Louise Renne, Willie Brown, Melara, Illig, Parker, Herrera, and others are some of the shadiest of “Friends enablers” dancing in the shadows — all determined to hide from transparency, even while spouting they may believe in open daylight.

Most troubling, of the few quotes Bowe and Rodriquez incorporated, they were all from the Shadowy culprits involved, with not one word, perspective or quote, from Sunshine advocates battling behind the scenes against these so-called “Friends Of” organizations operating in the shadows, as if open government advocates weren’t worthy of Bowe’s and Rodriquez’s notice.

Patrick Monette-Shaw

Posted by Patrick Monette-Shaw on Oct. 12, 2013 @ 7:29 pm

Patrick beat me to the punch. It was a glaring omission to not credit him for his years of tireless work turning over the rocks and exposing the ugly underbelly of corruption that infests our city 'government'. He was one of the prime movers in pursuing this case at Laguna Honda Hospice, among many others.
Also of interest is an article written by Danielle Kirshenbaum some years ago. This illustrates where the worms in the bud are lurking. "Pay to Play Bay Area"
www.fcj.com/news_in_brief/kirshenbaum_061029.shtml

Posted by Patrick Monk.RN. on Oct. 13, 2013 @ 3:58 pm

Mark Goldes' proofless claims regarding his Aesop Institute's make-believe strictly ambient heat engine do not represent any new technology, or even a new pretense - they merely represent a rather old pretense.

"Before the establishment of the Second Law, many people who were interested in inventing a perpetual motion machine had tried to circumvent the restrictions of First Law of Thermodynamics by extracting the massive internal energy of the environment as the power of the machine. Such a machine is called a "perpetual motion machine of the second kind". The second law declared the impossibility of such machines."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_law_of_thermodynamics#Perpetual_moti...

"A perpetual motion machine of the second kind is a machine which spontaneously converts thermal energy into mechanical work. When the thermal energy is equivalent to the work done, this does not violate the law of conservation of energy. However it does violate the more subtle second law of thermodynamics (see also entropy). The signature of a perpetual motion machine of the second kind is that there is only one heat reservoir involved, which is being spontaneously cooled without involving a transfer of heat to a cooler reservoir. This conversion of heat into useful work, without any side effect, is impossible, according to the second law of thermodynamics."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perpetual_motion#Classification

Goldes' make-believe ambient-heat-powered engine would be a perpetual motion machine of the second kind, as defined above. Goldes is not developing any such engine; he is merely developing a pretense - as usual.

Goldes' ambient-heat-powered engine would not merely "circumvent" the Second Law of Thermodynamics - it would actually DISPROVE the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

An engine that uses ambient heat would need to be able to DECREASE the entropy of the universe. The Second Law tells us that we can never decrease the entropy of the universe, or of an isolated system.

As a consequence of this law:

"It is impossible for any device operating on a cycle to produce net work from a single temperature reservoir; the production of net work requires flow of heat from a hotter reservoir to a colder reservoir."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy#Second_law_of_thermodynamics

In the make-believe ambient-heat-powered engine there are not two heat reservoirs at different temperatures; no reservoir would be available at any temperature other than the ambient temperature. No matter what cycle we design with this constraint, we will find that the cycle would have to be able to decrease the entropy of the universe in order to do any work.

The formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics as a constraint on entropy change is one of the most beautifully simple, and well-established, laws of physics.

The Second Law tells us that we can never build an engine that does some work with heat taken from a heat reservoir, without also transferring some heat to another reservoir at a lower temperature.

An equivalent statement is that we can't decrease the total entropy of an isolated system.

The entropy change differential due to heat transfer to or from a reservoir is inversely related to the temperature at which the transfer occurs. The consequence is that transferring heat INTO a cold reservoir produces a larger GAIN in entropy, than the LOSS of entropy that occurs due to transfer of the same amount of heat FROM a hot reservoir. This noteworthy and remarkable inequality enables a heat engine to use some heat to do some work without violating the Second Law - as long as it can make use of two different heat reservoirs, at different temperatures. The ambient-heat-powered engine only involves a single reservoir, at a single temperature (at any given moment). When it reduces the entropy of the reservoir by using some of the heat to do work, it has no way to compensate by increasing the entropy anywhere else. Therefore we know for certain that the engine will disappoint us. It will never be able to do any work.

In Mark Goldes' patent application for his "POWERGENIE" horn-powered tuning-rod engine, he described the tuning-rod as "an energy transfer and multiplier element."

But of course, for the tuning-rod to "multiply" energy, it would need to disprove the law of conservation of energy. (Obviously the Patent Office should never have allowed such a description.)

Goldes' use of the term "energy multiplier element" reflects his pretense that the "revolutionary breakthrough" of the amazing "POWERGENIE" could disprove the law of conservation of energy, by presenting the world with a working "energy multiplier."

Goldes even claimed in 2008 that the POWERGENIE had been demonstrated already in an electric car, driven 4800 miles by his energy-multiplying horn-powered tuning-rod.

But it seems that most people, for some reason, had difficulty accepting the notion that the law of conservation of energy could be proven false.

And Goldes no doubt noticed that the Second Law of Thermodynamics - that "the entropy of an isolated system tends to increase with time and can never decrease" - is much less clear to most people than the conservation of energy.

So now, after leaving aside the pretense that he could somehow "multiply energy" with a magnetized tuning-rod, Goldes has chosen to focus, instead, on the pretense that he can disprove the Second Law with an engine powered by ambient heat.

There is no "new science" in any of Goldes' "revolutionary breakthroughs." There is only pseudoscience and pretense - and nothing new, at all.

http://physicsreviewboard.wordpress.com/aesop-institute-s-purely-ambient...

http://greatnonprofits.org/reviews/aesop-institute/166232/

Posted by Guest on Oct. 29, 2013 @ 6:50 pm

I actually was approached by Mr. Goldes a few years ago to be his CEO for MPI. I was amazed that he was trying to actually sell the ideas that he obviously believes. What I find really amazing is that he has not been incarcerated for fraud of some sort. When he showed me his alleged magnetic machine I almost fell out of my chair. It was two magnets taped together with some wire wrapped around them. I still laugh about it but in reality it isn't funny because someone had lost quite a bit of money buying into this stuff.

Posted by Guest on Feb. 12, 2014 @ 3:52 pm

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